ictionary]
EDUTECH:  Taiwanese to English  (La)
.  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .  .to T-to-E Dictionary      to EDUTECh Home-Page
Selection . . La . . Lah . . Lap . . Lak . . Lat . . Lai . . Lam . . Lan . . Lang . . Lau . . . 

La ... la ... stir, poke into a hole
........... laf ... to pull, to draw
........... laf ... to talk foolishly, to talk idly
La'A ... la'ar ... fresh water shell-fish, edema
Labu ... labu ... love
Labuleta ... labuleta ... a love letter
Labusin ... labusirn ... a love scene
LaGia ... lagiaa ... large kind of spider 
LaGuBi ...lagubie ... ragby
LaHioh ... laxhioh ... chicken-hawk, kite. . . .. . . < to  next  word  selection >
La'In ... la'in ... a line
LaKhui ... larkhuy ... open shirt or coat
LaKuCien ... lakuociexn ... a seesaw battle 
LaLa ... laxla ... stir
LaLa-Leh ... laxla+leq ... stir
.................. lalaf+leq ... talk idly 
LaLaTui ... lalatui ... a cheer team
LaLi ... lalie ... Taiwan anteater
LaLiang ... larliaang ... cool off by opening cloths
LaLien ... lafliern ... a zip-fastener, a zipper
LaLek ... lalek ... tensil force
LaLong ... lalorng ... to pull on one's side. . . . .. . . < to  next  word  selection >
LaLunSio ... laluun-siof ... luke-warm
LaLuGo ... lalugo ... largo (music)
LaMa ... lama ... a lama
LaMaKau ... Lama-kaux ... Lamaism
LaMu ... lamu ... rum (wine)
LaMuNe ... lamune ... lemonade
La'OSs ... La'oss ... Laos
LaPa ... lapaf ... a trumpet, a bogle 
LaPoah ... lapoah ... cymbals 
LaPuSoDi ... lapusodi ... a rhapsody
LaSam ... lasaam ... dirty
LaSap ... lafsab ... rubbish, gafrbage
LaSapCia ... lafsab-chiaf ... a dirt-wagon, a dust cart
LaSapSiu ... lafsab-sviw ... a dust bin, a garbage can, a garbage container
LaSapTui ... lafsab-tuy ... a dirtheap, a garbage heap
LaSuTo ... lasuto ... the last
LaTeng ... latefng ... Latin
LaTengGu ... latengguo ... Latin language

Lah ... lah ... wax
Lah ... laq ... (it is so, so ended, as I decided, as so I suppose)
Lah'Ih ... laq'ih ... honeycomb
LahBah ... laqbaq ... smoked meat
LahCi ... laqchix ... coast spinifex. . . . .. . . < to  next  word  selection >
LahCiang ... laqchiaang ... smoked sausage
LahCiong ... laqciorng ... smoked duck's feet
LahCiu ... laqchiu ... sea hearse
LahHo ... laqho ... hunter
LahJit ... laqjit ... almanac, calendar
LahKau ... laqkao ... hunting dog
LahKu ... laqkhu ... hunting equipment
LahPit ... laqpid ... wax crayon, grease pencil
LahSap ... lahsab ... dirty
LahSiong ... laqsiong ... wax figure
LahTai  ... laqtaai ... candle stick
LahTiau ... laqtiaau ... candle
LahZek ... laqzeg ... candle
LahZekSim ... laqzeg-sym ... candlewick
LahZekTai ... laqzeg-taai ... candlestick. . . . .. . . < to  next  word  selection >
LahZeng ... laqzhexng ... hunting rifle
LahZoa ... laqzoar ... wax paper, stencil paper
Lak ... lak ... seize, lay hold of, pick up
.............. lak ... six
Lak ... lag ... fall, let fall, lose
LakCiet ... lagcied ... forty percent discount
Lak'EHoai ... lak'exhoaai ... dislocate the jaw, boast falsly
LakGeh ... Laggoeh ... June 
LakGoeh ... Laggoeh ... June 
LakHienKim ... laghengkhiim ... a guitar
Lak'HiohCiu ... lak'hioh-chiu ... deciduous tree. . . . .. . . < to  next  word  selection >
LakKe ... lakke ... drop, fall to be lower
.............. lakkex ...price fall
LakKeh ... lakkeq ... lose the reputation, lose one's social position
LakLien ... lakliern ... lose a wheel, lose one's influence or prestige
LakLag ... laklag ... seemingly to fall
LakPiHeng ... lagpviheeng ... a hexagon
LakPoe ... lagpoe ... sixfold, six times
LakSoe ... laksoef ... come down in the world, lose one's reputation or position
LakTe'A ... laktexar ... pocket
LakTiau ... lagtiaau ... grasp firmly
LakZap ... lagzap ... sixty
LakZng ... lakzngx ... drill (by a string)
Lai ... laai ... come, come on and ~, Let's ~,  (do) toward
............ lai ... inside, within
LaiHai .. I .. J .. K
LaiLai .. M..N..O..P..S
LaiTau .. U .. Z 
............ lai ... sharp, keen
............ lai ... the interest (of saving)
Lai'A ... lai'ar ... Taiwan adina, pear
LaiBin ... laixbin ... inside, within
LaiBinSa ... laixbin-svaf ... under-garment
LaiBo ... laixbo ... an inside story
LaiCi ... laixcy ... litchi, lichee (fruit)
Lai-Cia ... laai+ciar ... who came
LaiCien ... laixciexn ... a civil war
LaiCin ... laixchyn ... consanguinity
Lai'Eng ... laixexng ... treachery from inside. . . . .. . . < to  next  word  selection >
LaiFuLu ... laifulu ... a rifle (gun)
LaiGoa ... laixgoa ... inside and outside, inner and outer
LaiGoan ... laigoaan ... source, origin
LaiHai ... laixhae ... inland seas
LaiHam ... laihaam ... your letter 
LaiHang ... laixhaang ... expert, skilful
LaiHi ... laixhvi ... inner ear
LaiHioh ... laixhioh ... chicken-hawk, kite
LaiHiong ... laixhioxng ... introverted, introvert
LaiHo ... laixhoo ... inland waterway
LaiHoe ... laihoee ... round trip, back and forth, come and go
LaiHoePio ... laihoee-phiox ... round-trip ticket. . . . .. . . < to  next  word  selection >
LaiHok ... laixhok ... medicine for internal use
Lai'In ... laixyn ... internal cause
Lai'Iong ... laixioong ... contents
LaJi'O ... laji'o ... a radio
LaiJin ... laijiin ... a comer, a bearer
LaiJit ... laijit ... coming days
LaJiuMu ... lajiumu ... radium
LaiKa ... Laika ... a Leica camera
LaiKak ... laixkag ... inside corner, interior angle
LaiKan ... laixkafn ... hidden traitor
LaiKau ... laikaux ... to arrive at
LaiKe ... laixkhef ... internal medicine (clinic or hospital) 
LaiKeng ... laixkexng ... inside diameter
RaKetTo ... laketto ... a racket, a bat
LaiKi ... laikhix ... do together, Let's start
............ laixkhix ... cutlery, arms
............ laixkhix ... sharp instrument
LaiKiam ... laixkiaxm ... sharp sward
LaiKo ... laixkhof ... internal medicine (clinic or hospital)
............. laixkhof ... internal medicine
............. laixkhox ... panties, under-short
LaiKoan ... laixkhoaan ... hub, nave (of wheel). . . . .. . . < to  next  word  selection >
LaiKong ... laixkofng ... internal dissension
................. laixkofng ... paternal grandfather
LaiKoh ... laixkoq ... government cabinet
LaiKun ... laixkuun ... under-skirt
LaiLai ... laixlai ... sharp (knife)
LaiLek ... lailek ... (personal) history, background
LaiLeng ... laixlefng ... inner tube
LaiLim ... lailiim ... arrive, come, arrival
LaiLoan ... laixloan ... internal feuds
LaiMa ... laixmar ... paternal grandmother
Lai'Ong ... lai'orng ... coming and going, social intercourse
LaiPang ... laixpaang ... inner room
LaiPau ... laixphaux ... long inner robe
LaiPin ... laipyn ... guest, honored guest, visitor
LaiPo ... laixpo ... inner part, inside
LaiPutKip ... laiputkip ... to be too late to
LaiSa ... laixsvaf ... innerwear, undergarment
LaiSe ... laisex ... the world to come
LaiSeng ... laisefng ... the life to come, next life
LaiSi ... laisix ... the world to come
........... laixsi ... chamberlain
LaiSim ... laixsym ... the heart
LaiSin ... laixsiin ... officials of Interior or Home Office 
LaiSiong ... laixsiofng ... internal injury. . . . .. . . < to  next  word  selection >
LaiSoa ... laixsvoaf ... deep in a mountain
.............. laixsvoax ... interior of a  country
LaiSun ... laixswn ... grandson
LaiTau ... laixthaau ... inside
LaiTa ... laita ... a cigarette lighter
LaiTe ... laixtoe ... inland, interior 
............. laixtoea ... inside 
............. laixte ... a brother-in-law, a younger brother of one's wife
LaiTeng ... laixteeng ... inner layer
LaiTi ... laixti ... inner piles, hemorrhoids
LaiTiong ... laixtiofng ... inside, among
LaiTng ... laixtngg ... inner sanctuary
LaiTo ... laixtof ... sharp knife or sword. . . . .. . . < to  next  word  selection >
LaiToe ... laixtoe ... inland, interior
............... laixtoea ... inside
LaiVi ... laixvi ... inner court
LaiZai ... laixzaai ... internal, intrinsic
.............. laixzaai ... skill, talent (hidden)
LaiZe ... laixzex ... internal debts
LaiZeng ... laixzexng ... civil affairs, internal affairs
LaiZengPo ... Laixzerngpo ... the Ministry of Interior
LaiZo ... laixzo ... a helpmate, a wife
............. laixzor ... paternal great-grandparents
LaiZong ... laixzong ... internal organs, viscera
LaiZu ... laizu ... to come from
Lam ... laam ... blue
............... laam ... male, man
............... laam ... south
LamJin .. K..L..M..N..O
          ..P..S
LamTng .. U .. Z
............... laam ... to pour water, to coat metal
............... lam ... combine, mix, put together
............... lam ... ship, warship
............... larm ... inferior, weak
............... larm ... embrace, take in one's arms. . . . .. . . < to  next  word  selection >
Lam'A ... lam'ar ... machiles, phoebe, common garcinia (for cheap furniture)
LamBe ... lafmboea ... to buy in the lump
LamBin ... lambin ... south side
LamBoe ... lafmboea ... to buy in the lump
LamCiok ... Lamciog ... baron, noble of the lowest rank
LamGek ... lamgek ... sapphire
LamHai ... Lamhae ... Southern Sea
LamHan ... Lamhaan ... South Korea
LamHeng ... lafmhefng ... cross one's hands, fold one's arms
LamHng ... lamhngf ... the south
LamHong ... lamhofng... south wind
LamHui ... lamhui ... south latitude
................ Lamhuy ... South Africa
Lam'Iong ... laxm'iong... to lavish, waste, abuses 
LamJin ... lamjiin ... male person
LamKai ... laxmkhay ... spend recklessly. . . . .. . . < to  next  word  selection >
LamKau ... laxmkaw ... to make friends recklessly
LamKe'Im ... laam-kexym ... bass
LamKek ... Lamkek ... South pole
LamKia ... Lamkviaf ... Nanking
LamKoan ... lafmkoaan ... usurp authority, seize all the power
.................. Lamkoarn ... song of southern dialect
LamKoan'Im ... laam-koan'ym ... tenor
LamKoe ... lamkoef ... pumpkin
LamLam ... laxmlam ... mixing
................. lafmlarm ... weak
LamLam-Leh ... laxmlam+leq ... mixing
........................ lafmlafm+leq ... embrace
LamLe ... lamlea ... baptism by puring
LamLu ... lamluo ... male and female
LamLui ... lamlui ... ragged, tattered, slovenly. . . . .. . . < to  next  word  selection >
LamNoa ... lafmnoa ... slovenly 
Lam'O ... lam'oo ... two-stinged fiddle
LamPak ... lampag ... north and south
LamPeng ... lampeeng ... south side
LamPoCioh ... lampofcioh ... sapphire
LamSam ... laxmsarm ... at random, in a disorderly, careless, false, foolish, or reckless manner
LamSek ... lamseg ... blue
................ lamseg ... sodomy, male homosexual
LamSeng ... lamsefng ... boy-students, a school-boy 
................. lamsexng ... male sex
LamSi ... lamsix ... south, south side
LamSin ... lafmsyn ... delicate (health), weak (body) 
LamSoh ... laxmsoq ... heavy rope
LamSu ... lamsuo ... at random, at haphazard, carelessly, sheer nonsence, irresponsible, nonsensical, a random talk
LamTng ... lamthng ... glazed pottery
....................... lamthngf ... pour soup
LamTiau ... laxmtiaw... platitude, stock argument
LamTiong'Im ... laam-tiong'ym ... baritone
LamTiu ... laxmtviuo ... commanding officer of a warship
LamToe ... lafmtoea ... marshy soil 
LamTui ... laxmtui ... fleet of warships
LamViu ... Lam'viuu ... South Seas
LamZoa ... lamzoaa ... grass beauty, mountain snake. . . .. . . < to  next  word  selection >
LamZu ... lamzuo ... man, male person
LamZuHan ... lamzwhaxn ... manly person
LamZuKak ... laam-zwkag ... the chief actor
Lan ... laan ... cut off (leaves of cugar-cane)
............. laan ... difficulty
lanKam ..L..M..N..O..P..S..
       T..U..Z
............. laan ... scales of fish
............. lan ... male pudenda, male sex organ
............. lan ... pain, suffering 
............. larn ... tired, weary
............. larn ... we, us (inclusive of  you), our
LanBien ... lambiern ... difficult to avoid
LanBin ... laxnbiin ... refugee
LanBong ... lanboong ... unforgettable
LanCi ... lanci ... a lunch, a steam launch, a motor launch 
LanCia ... lancviaa ... difficult matter to accomplish
Lan-Cia ... larn-ciaf ... here, where we are
LanCiau ... laxnciao ... penis
LanDeBu ... landebu ... a rendezvoue
LanDoSeLu ... landoselu ... a knapsack, a satchel
LanHoe ... lanhoef ... orchid, orchid flower
LanHut ... laxnhut ... testicles, balls
Lan'I ... lan'ie ... difficult to ~
LanJim ... lanjirm ... difficult to bear
LanKam ... lankhafm ... unbearable, intolerable, embarrassed
LanKan ... lankafn ... railing, balustrade, banister
LanKe ... lankoex ... sad, in trouble
LanKiok ... lankiok ... an impasse, a blind alley, a difficult situation
LanKoai ... lankoaix ... No wonder
LanKoan ... lankoafn ... a dilemma, a barrier, an impasse. . . . < to  next  word  selection >
................. lankoarn ... intractable, difficult to deal with
LanKoe ... lankoex ... sad, in trouble 
Lan-Lang ... larn-laang ... we, all of us
LanLan ... lafnlarn ... tired, weary 
LanNing ... lanning ... a running (race), a running-wear
LanPa ... laxnphaf ... scrotum
LanPan ... lanpan ... difficult to manage
LanPau ... laxnpaw ... refugee (national)
LanPo ... lanpor ... difficult to preserve
LanPu ... lanpu ... a lamp
LanSan ... lansafn ... small quantity. Individual, change
............... lansarn ... difficult delivery
LanSanBah ... lansanbaq ... an excrescence on the body
LanSanCi ... lansancvii ... small change (money)
LanSeng ... lanseeng ... difficult matter to accomplish . . ... . . < to  next  word  selection >
LanSi ... lafnsie ... weary 
............. lafnsy ... weary
LanSiau ... lansiaw ... dyspepsia, indigestion
LanSien ... lafnsien ... tired, weary
LanSiu ... lansiu ... uncomfortable, hard to bear
LanSu ... lansu ... a difficult thing
LanTaNam ... lantanam ... lanthanum (La)
LanTe ... lantoee ... difficult problem, difficult matter, a puzzle, a knotty 
LanTek ... lanteg ... rare, difficult to get 
LanTit ... lantid ... rare, difficult to get 
LanTo ... lafnto ... lazy
.............. lanto ... Is it possible?
.............. lantoo ... difficult to escape
LanToe ... lantoee ... difficult problem, difficult matter, a puzzle, a knotty
Lan'UiZeng ... laan-uixzeeng ... shy
LanZu ... lanzhux ... hard point, hard to handle, hard to get along with
Lang ... laang ... person, human being, one, others
................ laang ... pus
LangKang ..M..N..O..P
            ..S..T..U..Z 
................ lafng ... basket, cage, muzzle
................ lafng ... spacy, sparse
................ lafng ... pull up (trousers), roll up (trouser legs) 
................ lang ... gesticulate, clown, tease, play with
................ laxng ... space, leave a space, spaced out, sparse, scarce
Lang'A ... langar ... basket
LangBah ... langbaq ... human fresh
Lang-E ... laang+ee ... other person's thing
Lang'E ... lang'ee ... mine
LangGe ... laxnggee ... gloat over a conquered enemy . .. . . < to  next  word  selection >
LangGiah ... langgiah ... number of persons (attendance)
LangGin ... laxnggin ... ridicule or tease
LangHiam ... laxnghiarm ... run a risk
LangHuih ... langhuiq ... blood and pus
LangJit ... larngjit ... alternate days, every other day
LangKang ... langkafng ... laborer
.......................... larngkafng ... interval of work rest
LangKe ... laxngkea ... pretending a false thing
LangKehTia ... langkheq-thviaf ...  living-room, sitting room
LangKeh ... langkheq ... guest, visitor, customer, passenger
LangKi ... langkhix ... odor or warmth of people
LangKoan ... langkhoarn ... a person's conduct or appearance
LangLang ... langlaang ... everybody, everyone
................... langlafng ... spacy, sparse
................... lafnglarng ... every basket
................... larnglaxng ... scarce, leaving spaces
LangLeng ... laxngleeng ... play dragon show. . . . .. . . < to  next  word  selection >
LangMia ... langmiaa ... person's name
LangSeng ... langsexng ... human nature
LangSinNiu ... lang-sinniuu ... make rough fun with a bride after the marriage
LangSng ... langsngg ... tray for steaming food
LangSo ... langsox ... number of persons
LangTau ... langtaw ... other personís house
LangTau ... langthaau ... human head, number of (borrowed) people
LangTok ... langtok ... pus
Lang'Via ... lang'viar ... shadow or silhouette
LangZai ... langzaai ... personal appearance or air 
LangZau ... langzao ... human flea
LangZeng ... langzerng ... a race of people
.................. langzerng ... abscess


Lap ... lap ... to pay (taxes), to offer, to receive
Lap ... lab ... become concave, sink down, concave
.............. lab ...steps, trample, operate by means of a treadle, cave in
LapBun ... labbun ... to be in low spirit
LapGin ... labguun ... pay taxes
LapGun ... labguun ... pay taxes
Lap'Ham ... lap'ham ... (roof) cave in
LapHiong ... labhioxng ... pay customs due. . . . .. . . < to  next  word  selection >
LapJip ... labjip ... to bring into
LapKo ... labkhox ... pay into the government treasury
LapKong ... labkoxng ... pay tribute
LapKut ... lapkhud ... depression, hole (on floor, or road)
LapLap ... laplab ... concave, sink down
Lap'O ... lap'of ... depression, concavity
LapSe ... labsoex ... pay tax or rent
LapSi ... lapsie ... trample to death
LapSoe ... labsoex ... pay tax or rent 
LapTe ... laptoea ... have the bottom sunken down
LapToe ... laptoea ... have the bottom sunken down 
Lap'U ... lap'w... depression, concavity
LapZo ... labzof ... pay rent

Lat ... lat ... energy, power, strength
LatCi ... ladcie ... chestnut
LatHi ... ladhii ... white herring, long-finned herring. . . . .. . . < to  next  word  selection >
LatLiong ... ladliong ... strength, ability of power
LatTau ... ladthaau ... strength, power
LatShi'Au'A ... latshi'au'a ... a rush-hour, the rush time
Lau ... laau ... detain, keep, retain
............. laau ... flow, run (liquid), shed (tears)
............. laau ... story, multi-storied building
LauJiet .. K..L..M..N
        ..O..P..S
LauTang .. U .. Z 
............. lao ... sprain
............. lao ... swindle
............. lau ... leak out
............. lau ... old, elderly
............. laux ... drop, omit a word, dislocate (jaw), have a miscarriage
............. laux ... inveigle, worn out (secret)
............. laux ... let drain, let run out
Lau'A ... law'ar ... swindler
Lau'AZu ... lau'afzhux ... multi-storied dwelling
LauBakSai ... laau-bagsae ... weep
LauBang ... lauxbang ... to escape from a net. . . . .. . . < to  next  word  selection >
LauBo ... lauxbor ... mother
LauBu ... lauxbuo ... mother
LauCiong ... lawcioxng ... skilled general, experienced and skilled person
LauCiu ... lauchviuu ... wall around a building
............... lawchiuo ... an old hand, experienced person
LauDSpiKa ... laud-spieka ... a loud-speaker
LauHe ... lauhe ... to retain, keep
LauHe'A ... lauxhoefar ... old fellow 
LauHioh ... lawhioh ... betel pepper
LauHo ... lauxhor ... tiger
LauHoan ... lawhoan ... experienced prison
LauHoe ... lawhoef ... betel pepper
LauHoe'A ... lauxhoefar ... old fellow 
LauHoeh ... lauhoeq ... bleed
LauHong ... laohofng ... leak air
.................. lauxhofng ... leak air 
LauHuih ... lauhuiq ... bleed
Lau'Ia ... lauxiaa ... old gentleman
LauJiet ... lauxjiet ... bustling, noisy
LauJim ... laujim ... retain in office
LauKa ... laukhaf ... downstairs
Lau-Ki ... lau+khix ... pass away, die. . . . .. . . < to  next  word  selection >
LauKng ... laukhngx ... to store
LauKo ... lawkof ... elderly gentleman
LauKoa ... laukvoa ... perspire, sweat
LauKongKien ... lauxkhongkien ... in good health (old person)
LauKoh ... laukoq ... multi-storied building
LauKu ... lawku ... old
LauLang ... laulaang ... discharge pus
................. lauxlaang ... an old person, elderly person, the aged
LauLau ... lauxlau ... old-looking
............... lauxlau ... leaking
............... laolaux ... dropping
LauLien ... lawlien ... experienced
LauLong ... lauxloong ... a veteran peasant
LauMa ... lauxmar ... grandmother
LauMia ... laumiaa ... leave a good name (after death)
LauNoa ... launoa ... drool
LauPan ... lawparn ... boss, head man
LauPe ... lauxpe ... father
LauPehSi ... lauxpehsvix ... the people of a state
LauPeng ... lauxpefng ... a veteran
LauPien ... lawphiexn ... deceive
LauPo ... lauxpoo ... old woman. . . . .. . . < to  next  word  selection >
LauPun ... lauxpurn ... money reserved at an old age
............... lawpurn ... capital investment
LauSai ... laosae ... diarrhea
LauSe ... lauxsoex ... evade tax or custom's duty 
LauSiap ... lauxsiab ... leak (information or secret)
LauSek ... lauxseg ... old fashioned, old style
LauSia ... laosiax ... dysentery
LauSia'Ioh ... laosiax-ioh ... laxative
LauSit ... lawsit ... honest, trustworthy, truthful
LauSoe ... lauxsoex ... evade tax or custom's duty 
LauSu ... lauxsw ... teacher, professor
LauTang ... lauthafng ... windows of a building
LauTau ... lauxtao ... funnel
LauTe ... laothef ... have an abortion or miscarriage
LauTeng ... lauterng ... upstairs
LauTiau ... lauxtiau ... to leave out, to miss out
LauTien ... lauxtien ... leak of electricity
LauTin ... laotin ... leave a procession
............... lawtiin ... betel pepper, a vine of pepper family
LauTo ... laothox ... dirrhea
LauToa ... lauxtoa ... elderly person. . . . .. . . < to  next  word  selection >
............... lawtoa ... supervisor
LauToaLang ... lauxtoaxlaang... older person
LauTong ... lauxtong ... a loophole, a flaw
LauTui ... lauthuy ... ladder, stairway
LauTuiKa ... lauthuy-khaf ... foot of stairs
Lau'Un ... lauxun ... last part of an old man's life
LauViu ... lauxviu ... the same as before, old fashion
LauZa ... lawzar ... very early, long ago
LauZang ... lauxzhafng ... a madam, a mistress of a brothel
LauZut ... lauxzhud ... to leak out
LauZui ... lauxzuie ... leaking, leak of water
.............. lauzuie ... running water, flowing stream

Taiwanese-to-English Dictionary (La)            by Liim K. H., EDUTECH Foundation
 .  .  .  .  .  .  .   .  .  .  .  .  .   ..  .  .  .   .   .   .   .   Cmpilation on July 28, 2002